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The bathroom is one of the most important elements of a house, which helps in cleaning and refreshing ourselves. But if the heights of fittings are not appropriate, it will lead to discomfort and trouble in using your bathroom.
So in order to properly use our bathroom, standard height of plumbing fixtures should be known while planning and constructing your bathroom. Read this detailed information on bathroom and toilet dimensions and their fittings.
Before going into detail about bathroom fitting heights, let us first of all have an idea about average bathroom size and its minimum dimensions.
- Minimum bathroom size – 20 sqft
- Average bathroom size – 30 sqft
- Minimum toilet size – 16 ft2
- Average toilet size – 20 ft2
Powder Room Size: A powder room also known as the guest bathroom or half bathroom is a one in which there is a commode and a sink. The minimum size of the powder room is 16 sqft (4′ X 4′ feet).
When the bathroom and toilet (W.C., Sink) are combined then the standard size is 35 to 40 sqft(8′ X 5′ feet).
For a full-sized luxurious bathroom, at least 50 square feet of area is required. So that it can house the bathtub apart from the sink shower and commode.
No matter how big or small your bathroom is, you will find all small bathroom dimensions and heights in this post.
Height of bathroom ceiling
Generally speaking, the common height of houses is 9 to 10 feet, but the bathroom height is lower than this due to the overhead water tank. Normally bathroom overhead water tank requires 2 feet to 2.5 feet of space, thus the bathroom ceiling is reduced to 7 feet in such conditions.
But under any circumstances, a minimum ceiling height of 7 ft is required in the bathroom.
Standard Bathroom Fitting Heights
For a quick reference, we have given below heights of bathroom fixtures in a tabulated format. Detailed information about all bathroom fittings is given below this table.
|Sr. No.||Bathroom Fixtures||Standard height above finished floor (in Feet)||Standard height above finished floor (in inches)||Standard height above finished floor (in Meter)|
|1||Bathroom Shower Head||6.5 ft||78"||1.98 m|
|2||Bathroom Mixer/Divertor||3 ft||36"||0.91 m|
|3||Bathroom Spout||2.5 ft||30"||0.76 m|
|4||Bathroom Main Stop Cock||4.3 ft||52"||1.30 m|
|5||Bathroom Vanity||3 ft||36"||0.91 m|
|6||Wash Basin Height||2.67 ft||32"||0.81 m|
|7||Bottle Trap For Wash Basin||1.5 ft||18"||0.46 m|
|8||Angle Cock For Wash Basin||1.5 ft||18"||0.46 m|
|9||Bathroom Mirror||4 ft||48"||1.22 m|
|10||Soap Dispenser||3.5 ft||42"||1.07 m|
|11||Soap Dish||4 ft||48"||1.22 m|
|12||Bathroom Cabinet||4.5 ft||54"||1.37 m|
|13||Bathroom Shelves||4 ft||48"||1.22 m|
|14||Bathroom Niches||4 ft||48"||1.22 m|
|15||Towel Rail||5 ft||60"||1.52 m|
|16||Towel Ring||4 ft||48"||1.22 m|
|17||European W.C.||1.42 ft||17"||0.43 m|
|18||Toilet Paper Holder||2.17 ft||26"||0.66 m|
|19||Health Faucet/ Jet Spray||1.5 ft||18"||0.46 m|
|20||Bib Tap For Toilet||1.5 ft||18"||0.46 m|
|21||Flush Cistern||3 ft||36"||0.91 m|
|22||Angle Cock For Flush Tank||2 ft||24"||0.61 m|
|23||Flush Valve For WC||3.33 ft||40"||1.00 m|
|24||Urinal Height||2 ft||24"||0.61 m|
|25||Lighting Fixture||8 ft||96"||2.44 m|
|26||Bathroom Exhaust Fan||6 ft||72"||1.83 m|
Height Of Bathroom Fittings
Below you will find the complete details of all bathroom fittings and their standard heights and permissible heights that are used in the building industry.
The bathroom shower height should be at a suitable height so that the user can stand beneath it while taking a shower. The average height of a human being is 5.5 ft to 6 ft, thus 6.5 ft is taken as the standard height of a shower head from finished flooring.
Even though the recommended height of the shower is 6.5 ft it can be changed according to the height of the user and their convenience. If an overhead water tank is provided in the bathroom, then the height of the shower needs to be compromised. As a thumb of rule, its height can vary from 6 feet to 7 feet.
Bathroom Mixer/ Diverter Height
The bathroom mixer or diverter should be placed at a height that is easily accessible while standing. The standard height of a mixer or diverter is 3 feet.
According to the ease of access of the user, this height can further vary from 33″ to 40″.
Bathroom Diverter Spout Height
The spout is the tap through which water comes out when the diverter is installed in your bathroom. The recommended height for the spout is 2 feet above the floor level. But again this height can be adjusted according to the convenience of the user.
Bathroom Main Stop Cock Height
Concealed stop cock is provided to control the flow of water into our houses. We can close or open the stop cock to control the flow of water.
The general height of concealed main stop cock is 52 inches. But in some cases, it can vary from 4 feet to 6 feet depending upon aesthetics and accessibility.
Inlet and outlet concealed stop cock are also provided if an overhead water tank is used to store water. Their height is the same as that of the main stop cock which is 4 feet to 6 feet.
Bathroom Vanity Unit Height
Standard bathroom vanity height is considered to be suitable at 32 inches or 2.5 feet from the floor finish level. Depending upon the user’s height and age this can be reduced or increased.
If the bathroom is for kids then the vanity height should not be lowered according to their height. Because sooner or later kids will grow in height and rework of the vanity unit will be needed. But to counter the accessibility of vanity units for kids one should use the table for kids.
Bathroom Vanity height is different for men and women as men tend to be taller than women. If a bathroom is designed only for men then the vanity height should be around 34 to 36 inches. While vanity height suitable for women is 32 inches to 34 inches.
Thus depending upon the user the standard height of a bathroom vanity can range from 30″ to 36″ which is 2.5 feet to 3 feet from the finished floor level.
Shower Box or Shower Enclosure
Shower enclosures or shower cubicles are enclosed with glass and have showerheads and body-jet nozzles that spray water for taking baths.
The shower box can be square shape or rectangular in shape according to the choice of the homeowner. The showerhead should be installed at a height of 6.5 feet. Hot and cold water mixers should be given at a height of 3.5 feet.
- Minimum square shower box – 3 ft X 3 ft (9 sqft)
- Minimum rectangular shower box – 3 ft X 4 ft (12 sqft)
- Standard sizes of shower cubicles used are 2.67 ft X 4 ft, 3’X3′, 3’X5′ and many more.
Tub in the bathroom comes in various designs, models, shapes, and sizes. Choose the model or bathtub that attracts you. Standard sizes of bathtub are 5’X2.67′, 5.5’X2.67′, 6’X3′.
Plumbing fittings are done according to the bathtub. The standard height of plumbing fixtures should be 33 inches from the flooring of the bathroom, so that while taking a bath user can access water controls.
Bathroom Wash Basin Height
Depending upon the type of wash basin and user preference height of the wash basin varies from 30 inches to 36 inches. However, the recommended height of the wash basin is considered to be 32 inches.
The standard wash basin height from floor to feet is 2.5 feet. Other measures of washbasin dimension are given below.
- The front top edge of the wash basin should be 800 mm
- The center-to-center spacing of the wash basin 2.5 feet
- Distance between wash basin and adjacent wall – 1.5 feet
- Distance between edge of washbasin and center of WC – 1.33 feet
- Distance between the front edge of the wash basin and the opposite wall – 3 feet
Wash basin can be in various types like pedestal wash basins or counter wash basins. There are many more washbasin types which we will cover in detail in some other post.
The height of sink of wash basin above floor level is kept at 2.5 feet to 3 feet depending upon the type of wash basin sinks like a pedestal, under-mount sink, or over-the-counter sink. The standard height of the washbasin depending upon the type of basin is shown below:
- Wall-hung wash basin height – 750 mm to 900 mm or 30″ to 36”
- Countertop washbasin height – 36 inches or 3 feet or 900 mm
- Under counter wash basin height – 750 mm or 2.5 feet
- Vanity unit washbasin height – 800 mm to 900 mm that is 32″ to 36″
Angle Cock for Wash Basin
Pillar cock is used for wash basin water inlet, which is deck mounted on the counter platform or pedestal washbasin. But below the counter, there is an angle cock that controls the flow of water through the connection pipe into the pillar cock.
Wash basin angle cock is provided 18 inches above the floor finish level.
Bottle Trap For Wash Basin
Waste water from the wash basin is discharge into the drainage pipe through waste coupling and finally through the bottle trap. Bottle trap is provided at a height of 18″ or 1.5 feet from floor level.
In some cases bottle trap is not used and a flexible connecting pipe is connected to the waste coupling of the wash basin that leads the wastewater into nahani trap.
Bathroom Geyser height
Geyser is a must for every bathroom especially for colder regions. To have a proper continuous supply of water, geyser should be placed at a proper height.
Standard height of plumbing fixtures of geyser is 5 feet to 6 feet, depending upon the geyser type. Standard recommended height of geyser is 6 feet.
Bathroom Accessories And Their Heights
Standard height for bathroom accessories like soap dispensers, mirror, shelves, and bathroom cabinet are shown below.
Standard Height of Bathroom Mirror
Bathroom mirror help us to get refresh and groom ourselves in our bathroom. Truly speaking the height of mirror is different for different individuals, as a thumb rule the bottom of the mirror should cover your shoulder.
Typically washroom mirrors are installed at a height of above 4 feet from floor level. It can be as high as 5.5 feet depending upon individual preferences.
Soap Dispenser Height
After using the water closet or urinating we need to wash our hands. Thus Soap Dispenser comes handy, and it should be so placed that it can easily be used while washing our hands.
Standard height of a soap dispenser varies from 40 inch to 48 inches. The recommended height of soap dispenser is 42 inches.
Soap Dish height
If soap dispenser is not provided then it become necessary to provide soap dish. Soap dish should be placed away from the shower area so that unnecessary water is not collected into the soap dish.
The standard height of the soap dish is between 44 inches to 54 inches. Mostly soap dish is provided at a height of 4 feet.
Bathroom Cabinet Size
Bathroom cabinet are handy for storing day-to-day bathroom stuff. The height of the cabinet should be such that anyone can access it easily without using the table. Our hand should reach the top of cabinet without any help.
The standard height of the bathroom cabinet is 54 inches. There should be a minimum 18 inches gap in between basin counter and cabinet. As we know the wash basin top is 36 inch, thus placing the cabinet at 54 inches give a gap of 1.5 feet between them.
Bathroom Shelves Height
There is no hard and fast rule for bathroom shelf height. Bathroom shelves can be installed as per our will and our needs. Typically it is installed at a height of 3 to 4 feet.
Bathroom Niches height
Recessed bathroom niches are in demand and are used more and more in modern bathroom interior decoration. One of the most important factors of its popularity is that it doesn’t require any space and is installed recessed inside the wall.
There is no standard height for the bathroom niche but it is generally installed at a height of 4 feet from the finished floor level.
A towel ring if provided in the bathroom is generally provided at a height of 48 inches. Although towel rings can be hooked at up to 5 feet depending upon user satisfaction.
The towel rail is generally provided at a higher height that is around 5 feet so that showering and bathing don’t make it wet. suitable distance should be provided between the shower and towel rails. Towel rails come in 1.5 to 2 feet in length.
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Standard Toilet Fitting Heights
Water closet and its necessary fittings like toilet paper holder and health faucet if not provided at appropriate height would make it difficult for the user to use them. Thus important sanitary ware and it standard height of plumbing fixtures are mentioned below for reference.
European W.C. Height
Indian water closets also referred to as Orissa WC are installed on the floor, so no issue of its height. But when it comes to wall-mounted European water closets one should be careful with its height.
Standard height of wall hang WC is 17 inches above the flooring level. This height should be kept with precision and accuracy so that one can easily sit on it.
Even though WC height is recommended to be 1.42 ft, users can have a slight change in this value if they are uncomfortable due to their height or any other issue. The drainage pipe is installed at a suitable height water closet dimensions.
For installing a water closet on your wall it should have a width of 40 inches but if there is lack of space at least 30 inches of clear width should be there. 30 inches width allows the user to sit comfortably and use WC with ease.
Whenever the WC is installed give ample free space in front of it, The Minimum recommended clearance is 30 inches.
Important measurements should be kept in mind before proceeding with work.
- Distance of center of WC and adjacent wall – 1.5 feet
- Distance of front edge of WC and opposite wall – 2.5 feet
- Distance of center of WC and side edge of washbasin – 1.33 feet
- Distance of front edge of WC and opposite wash basin – 2.5 feet
If outlet or wastewater coming out of water closet r WC can not be taken out due to any hindrances like wall thickness, column, beams or aesthetic reasons then ledge wall is created to give extra space for diverting the outlet to the floor of the bathroom.
Ledge wall is a dummy wall created for WC if 110 mm WC outlet pipe can not be taken outside directly. Standard height of ledge wall depends upon the size of water closet and flush tank.
If the concealed flush tank is used then ledge wall will extend up to the top of flush tank that is 44 inches to 48 inches and the thickness of ledge wall is 4 inches. Ledge wall thickness and ledge wall height depends upon the water closet or wc and flush tank sizes.
Toilet Paper Holder
Standard height of toilet paper holder is 8 to 12 inches above the rim of the water closet or W.C., so that user can easily use them. When measured from the flooring of the bathroom standard height of toilet paper holder is 26 inches.
Health Faucet or Jet Spray
Jet spray that is a common name for health faucet is important part of any bathroom. Some people are not satisfied with toilet paper and for better cleanliness they prefer water that is made possible by health faucet.
Health faucet or jet spray should be kept at standard height of 18 inches above the floor level.
Toilet Bib Tap
In public places toilet paper and health faucet are not provided, thus in such places bib tap is provided for cleaning purpose. This bib tap is also provided at the same height as that of health faucet of 18 inches above floor level.
Flushing cistern is provided at a height so that the appropriate pressure of water is made to flush the waste out into the drainage line. Flush cistern is provided at a standard height of 3 ft above the floor level.
If window or any other hindrances comes then this height can be adjusted accordingly. But it should be kept at a height so that proper flow of water is made possible.
Angle cock for flush tank is provided at a height of 24 inches.
In buildings, where 24 hour water supply is there flush valve are installed. Flush valve carry water at high pressure necessary for flushing. Flush valve is provided at a height of 40 inches from floor level.
Height Of Urinal And Its Accessories
Urinal is generally provided in public places and rarely in residential houses. But if provided it is generally raised above the floor level and platform is constructed. The height mentioned above is from the platform of urinals.
- Height of Urinal front part – 24 inches
- Urinal flushing sensor height – 51 inches
- Height of flushing cistern for urinal – 78 inches
- Waste pipe connection to urinal – 14 inches
- Top of Urinal partitions – 60 inches
- Center to center distance between urinal partition – 24 inches
Thus standard urinal height from floor level is 2 feet or 24 inches to 28 inches.
Miscellaneous Bathroom Fixtures and its height
Standard Bathroom Lighting Fixtures
Lighting fixtures should be kept at a minimum distance of 3 feet from the bathing perimeter. Hanging lights should be fixed at a height of 8 feet or on the ceiling of bathroom.
Electrical Switches In Bathroom
To be safe from electrical shocks it is important to keep electrical switches away from water pipe lines. Minimum of 5 feet distance is necessary from nearest water source for safety purpose.
Bathroom Exhaust Fan
Exhaust fan of bathroom should be provided at a height of 6 feet or 1.8 meter from flooring of bathroom.
Standard height of bathroom window
Generally bathroom window size is either 600 mm X 1050 mm or 450 mm X 1050 mm. Height of bathroom window from floor level varies from 2.5 ft to 4 ft.
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Bathroom Door Size
Width of bathroom door should be 30 inches. But if there is a constraint it can vary from 26 inches to 32 inches. The bathroom door should swing open into the bathroom and never outside the bathroom. The door should also be selected keeping in mind that it should not hit the commode of the toilet if any.
Frequently Asked Questions on Plumbing Fixtures
List of Common bathroom fittings?
List of common bathroom fittings:
Toilet – includes the toilet bowl, tank, and seat
Sink – includes the basin and faucet
Shower – includes the showerhead, faucet, and valve
Bathtub – includes the tub and faucet
Bidet – includes the bowl and faucet
Vanity – includes the countertop, sink, and storage cabinet
Medicine cabinet – includes a mirror and storage space for bathroom supplies
Towel rack – used to hang towels and keep them dry
Grab bar – provides support and stability in the bathroom, especially for elderly or disabled individuals
Toilet paper holder – holds toilet paper rolls
Are plumbing fixture heights standardized worldwide?
Plumbing fixture heights can vary from region to region due to different building codes, cultural preferences, and design trends. It’s essential to consider local regulations when determining fixture heights for your project.
Can I customize plumbing fixture heights to suit my design preferences?
While there are standard height guidelines that ensure functionality and accessibility, some flexibility exists for design purposes. However, it’s crucial to prioritize user comfort and adhere to accessibility standards, especially in public spaces.
What is ADA compliance, and how does it relate to fixture heights?
ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) compliance is essential for creating accessible spaces. This includes ensuring that plumbing fixtures are installed at appropriate heights to accommodate individuals with disabilities, promoting inclusivity and usability.
Should I consult a professional for installing plumbing fixtures at the right height?
Yes, consulting with a professional plumber or designer is recommended when determining the proper heights for plumbing fixtures. They have the expertise to ensure that fixtures are installed correctly for optimal functionality and user experience.
Where can I find plumbing fixtures that meet both design and height requirements?
You can find a variety of plumbing fixtures at local home improvement stores, plumbing supply shops, and online retailers. When selecting fixtures, consider both the design aesthetics and adherence to height guidelines for your specific project.