Modular kitchen designs are in trend but do you know the standard kitchen size and dimensions of a kitchen? This standard size of kitchen will help to optimise the kitchen according to comfort and will provide the best ergonomics for one to work.
For making a perfect modular kitchen for your home one has to know the standard size and dimension of important kitchen elements. The main part of any kitchen is the kitchen platform and service platform. The height of the kitchen counter for preparation and cooking is important.
What makes a modular kitchen great is kitchen storage and cabinets. The proper size and dimensions of a kitchen should also be known. A kitchen triangle for efficient kitchen working is also equally important.
Every important detail for a standard kitchen size and kitchen dimensions is explained in detail in this post.
Standard Kitchen Size and Dimensions
Ergonomics and efficiency is the key element of a modular kitchen. There are some important kitchen sizes and kitchen dimensions for efficient kitchen layout and kitchen ergonomic.
Kitchen should be sufficient enough to house kitchen cabinets and utilities like a fridge, oven, grinder, etc. Thus kitchen should have minimum standard size for a comfortable kitchen experience.
The kitchen should be a minimum of 5 feet wide and 8 feet in length to have a proper kitchen. The standard kitchen size is 8 feet X 10 feet.
Minimum Kitchen Size = 5 feet X 8 feet
Standard Kitchen Size = 8 feet X 10 feet
The kitchen should be of certain suitable dimensions. Kitchens are generally in rectangular layouts and not square layouts for efficient use of space. Some of the most used kitchen dimensions are as follows.
- 7 feet X 4 feet
- 8 feet X 5 feet
- 10 feet X 8 feet
- 12 feet X 8 feet
Some of the key standard kitchen sizes and kitchen dimensions are as follows.
- Kitchen countertop height
- Depth of kitchen platform
- Kitchen wall cabinet height
- Depth of overhead cabinets
- Depth of under-counter cabinets
- Width of upper and lower cabinets
- Size of kitchen sink
- Kitchen utility dimensions like refrigerator and microwave
- Kitchen triangle
- Kitchen chimney size
- Distance between stove and chimney
Each of the above kitchen points are explained in detail for kitchen size and dimensions. Summary of important standard kitchen sizes and dimensions are as follows:
|Kitchen Elements||Standard Size in Inches||Standard size in feet||Standard Size in mm|
|Minimum Kitchen size||60″ X 96″||5 feet X 8 feet||1524 X 2438 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Size||96″ X 120″||8 feet X 10 feet||2438 X 3048 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Countertop Height||32 inches||2.67 feet||813 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Preparation Counter Height||34 inches||2.83 feet||864 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Cooking Platform Height||32 inches||2.67 feet||813 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Wall Cabinet Height||56 inches||4.67 feet||1422 mm|
|Depth of under-counter cabinet||24 inches||2 feet||610 mm|
|Standard width of double door cabinet||36 inches||3 feet||915 mm|
|Standard width of sliding door cabinet||24 inches||2 feet||610 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Sink One Bowl||24″ × 18″ × 9″||2′ X 1.5′ X 0.75′||610 X 457 X 229 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Sink Two Bowl||37″ × 18″ × 10″||3.1′ X 1.5′ X 0.83′||940 X 457 X 254 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Sink Three Bowl||61″ × 20″ × 10″||5′ X 1.67′ X 0.83′||1550 X 508 X 254 mm|
|Standard kitchen sink clearance||36″ one side, 18″ other side||3′ one side, 1.5′ other side||915 mm one side, 457 mm other side|
|Standard Kitchen Microwave Height from tabletop||13″ – 18″||1′ – 1.5′||330 mm – 457 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Chimney Size||24″ – 36″||2′ – 3′||600 mm to 900 mm|
|Standard Kitchen Chimney and stove separation||26″ – 30″||2.2′ – 2.5′||660 mm to 750 mm|
Standard Kitchen Countertop Height
The platform of kitchen or standard kitchen countertop height is important for efficiently working in a kitchen. The kitchen counter should be at such a height that one can easily cook on the stove.
The standard height of kitchen countertop is 32 inches to 35 inches. The kitchen platform height should be at such a height that one is able to work without any strain and difficulty. Thus kitchen countertop height should be adjusted according to the height and comfort of the individual using the kitchen.
Suppose the height of the human being using the kitchen is 6 feet then the kitchen countertop should be slightly elevated according to the comfort of the user. When the height of the user is less then the kitchen platform height should be decreased.
Standard Kitchen Countertop Height = 32 inches to 35 inches
As a rule of thumb, the ideal kitchen platform height is 4 inches below the height of the user’s elbow while standing.
The kitchen countertop in some cases is of different heights. One needs to have enough height for cooking food, preparation for food and for kneading dough, and other work. The height of the kitchen platform for this work is mentioned below.
|Purpose||Height of Countertop||Use of Platform|
|Preparation Counter||34 inches (4″ below elbow)||Cutting vegetable and food preparation|
|Cooking Counter||32 inches (5″ below Elbow)||Cooking food|
|Low level Counter||30 inches (8″ below elbow)||Kneading dough, meat cutting, etc.|
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Standard Kitchen Wall Cabinet Height
The overhead kitchen cabinet should be placed at a certain suitable height so for easy workability and cooking. For cooking purposes you need free space and also there should be proper storage in your kitchen. Thus kitchen cabinet is installed at a height easily accessible for cooking and no stool is required.
The standard height of kitchen wall cabinet from the countertop is 2 feet or 24 inches or 600 mm. If the kitchen platform is 32 inches high then kitchen wall cabinet starts at 32 inches + 24 inches which is 56 inches.
The minimum distance between the overhead cabinet and the kitchen platform is 20 inches.
Standard Kitchen Wall cabinet height = 56 inches from floor or 24 inches from kitchen countertop
Standard Depth of Overhead Cabinets
The overhead kitchen cabinet should be deep enough to store at the same time it should not hinder cooking. Thus kitchen overhead cabinet should be 12 inches to 15 inches in depth for optimal storage. 12 to 15 inches deep overhead cabinet also ensures that the user doesn’t bang their head while cooking or preparing food.
The depth of the overhead cabinet above the refrigerator should be equal to the depth of the fridge for a clean elegant look. Generally, refrigerators are 24 inches deep thus overhead cabinet should also be 24 inches above the fridge.
Standard Depth of overhead cabinet = 12 – 15 inches
Standard Depth of Under Counter Cabinets
The kitchen platform is generally 600mm or 24 inches so are the under-counter cabinets. If the under-counter cabinet is extended to the fullest then it is best. But the size and depth of the under-counter cabinet can be reduced according to the need of the user.
Depth of under-counter cabinet = 24 inches or 600 mm
Standard Width of Upper and Lower Cabinets
Under counter, lower kitchen cabinet and upper wall cabinets width should be according to the user’s requirement. The standard width of lower and upper cabinets for double-door cabinets is 30 inches to 36 inches which is 3 feet wide. While the sliding panel door cabinets are 24 inches or 2 feet wide.
Width of lower cabinets should be according to the modular kitchen accessories and drawers. Width and depth of the cabinet should be user-friendly and convenient to the user.
Standard width for Double door cabinets = 30 inches to 36 inches wide
Standard width for sliding door cabinets = 24 inches to 2 feet wide
Standard Size of Kitchen Sink
Kitchen sink size is dependent on the number of family members or the number of utensils to wash at a time. For a larger family kitchen sink size can vary up to 61 inches in length and for a small kitchen, 18 inches sink is also available.
The standard width of the kitchen sink is 18″ to 20″ while the standard length of kitchen sink is 24″ to 36″. The standard depth of the kitchen sink is 10 inches and the thickness of kitchen sink is 2.5mm.
For general use of small families, the standard kitchen sink size is 24″ × 18″ × 9″ (L × W × D). For medium size family, two bowl kitchen sink is used whose size is 37″ × 18″ × 10″ (L × W × D). For large families, three bowl kitchen sink is used whose size is 61″ × 20″ × 10″ (L × W × D).
Standard kitchen sink width = 18″ to 20 inches
Standard kitchen sink length= 24″ to 36 inches
Standard kitchen sink depth = 10 inches
Standard kitchen sink thickness= 2.5 mm
Standard Kitchen Sink Clearance
Suitable clearance space for kitchen sink should be left for proper washing of the utensils. Empty space is required on both sides so that dirty utensil and washed utensils are kept on either side of the sink.
As per standard kitchen dimensions and size, standard sink clearance of 900 mm should be left on one side of the sink to keep dirty utensils. While 450 mm or 1.5 feet clear space on the other side of the sink for draining water from utensils or installing a draining board.
Standard kitchen sink clearance = 900mm on one side and 450mm on the other side
Standard Kitchen Refrigerator height
The refrigerator comes in different sizes according to the capacity of fridge. For small family small fridge and for large families bigger refrigerators are used. The width, depth, and height of the refrigerator vary from model to model.
One should note the dimension of the refrigerator before deciding the size of the kitchen platform and upper cabinet of fridge.
Standard Kitchen Dimension for Microwave
Microwaves in the kitchen should be placed at a suitable height for comfortable use. For efficient use of the microwave, it should be 13 to 18 inches higher than the kitchen countertop or tabletop.
Standard Kitchen Microwave Height = 13 to 18 inches from tabletop
Kitchen Golden Triangle
The main focus points in any kitchen are stove, sink, and refrigerators. The placement of these elements in a kitchen is important as it decides the convenience of work in kitchen. The sink, stove, and refrigerator should be so placed that it is user-friendly and facilitates easier working in kitchen.
Stove and refrigerator are placed opposite to each other and sink in the middle of the two. This makes a triangle with a stove, sink and fridge at each vertex. This triangle is called the “Golden Triangle” in a kitchen.
For optimal use of kitchen, the circumference of the golden triangle should not be more than 275 inches. The sink, stove, and refrigerator should be located within 4 feet to 9 feet of space.
Circumference of Golden Triangle = 275 inches
Sink, stove and Refrigeraotr inside distance = 4 ft to 9 feet
Standard Kitchen Chimney Size
Main function of kitchen chimney is to expel emissions from the kitchen during cooking. For optimal functioning, it is required to have a certain specific clearance between chimney and the stove.
The chimney is placed just above the stove or burner in the kitchen. A clear distance of 660mm to 750mm should be provided between the chimney and stove. The optimal separation space helps to keep the chimney in good working condition.
Standard Kitchen Chimney Size = 600mm to 900mm
Standard Kitchen Chimney and stove separation = 660mm to 750mm
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